Substitution, Augmentation, Modification, Redefinition
Assessment, Best Practices, Tech Generation

Make Your Tech Integration Stronger Using SAMR

In our time online during COVID everyone learned and did  things they never thought themselves capable.  You learned Zoom, OAKS, Padlet, Jamboard, and so many other tools.  You were curious about how to do things differently to achieve better results.

Let’s not let that go!

Just because you are back in the classroom doesn’t mean you should halt your forward progress!  I encourage you to use the SAMR model to look at your teaching and keep that curious reflection going.

If you’re not familiar with SAMR, it’s a model for incorporating technology into your teaching, and life, in a meaningful and efficient way.  With SAMR, the goal is to think of it as a spectrum and shoot for the level that you think is best for your particular goals or outcomes and in a very purposeful way.

Before you go any further however, start by asking the following:
  • What am I hoping to achieve by using this technology?
  • How will it make a difference to my students’ learning?
  • Why is it preferable to not using technology?
  • How equipped are my students and I to use this technology?
  • How much time do I have to invest in making it work?
Answering these questions and starting with a purpose avoids the ‘technology for technology’s sake’ syndrome that doesn’t help anyone

Let’s take a look at each of these categories/levels:


Substitution is often the easiest level to achieve.  It involves substituting technology for a non-tech process.   Before substituting, ask yourself, “what do you or your students gain by replacing a traditional tool for a technology tool.


  • Online test for a paper test
  • Microsoft Word doc for a handwritten document
  • Online calendar for a paper calendar
  • Recording a lecture and having students watch it, rather than giving the lecture in person


Augmentation is adding technology to add something to the traditional method of doing something.  This “something” should improve the process, making things more efficient, easy collaborative, etc.


  • Using Google Docs instead of a Word Processor or paper so it can be shared with others.
  • Instead of a standard speech, augment it with images or a presentation.
  • Researching using online library journals.
  • Adding video to your regular lectures to reenforce a difficult concept.
  • Having a video assignment instead of a paper.


Modification involves actually changing the lesson’s design and its learning outcome. It’s about designing interactive and dynamic tasks.  The critical question here is, “does the technology significantly alter the learning task?”(1)


  • Students produce a podcast summarizing a topic and other students review and revise the podcast.(2)
  • Use a website or blog to post their book reviews, receive peer feedback, and participate in ongoing discussions about their book.(3)
  • Students are asked to write an essay around the theme “And This I Believe…”. An audio recording of the essay is made along with an original musical soundtrack.  The recording will be played in front of an authentic audience such as parents, or college admission counselors. (4)
  • Students use multimedia online resources including audio and video tools and learning to gain greater insight into the motivations of a particular character, based on the text and supplemental learning (5)
  • Students complete the quiz using video as opposed to writing out their answers, allowing for virtual marking (5)


Redefinition is all about using technology to transform your students’ experiences.  It involves using technology to all you and your students to do something that couldn’t not be done without the tool.  In this case, you ask yourself if the technology tools allow educators to redefine a traditional learning task in a way that would not be possible without the tech, creating a novel experience. (1)


  • Network with students at another university or in a K12 classroom
  • Visit museums virtually or using AR/VR
  • Interacting with experts  via Zoom that wouldn’t be possible otherwise.
  • As a group, create a documentary video based on specific concepts learned in the class (include interviews as well).
  • Use Google Earth Street View to travel to different parts of the world, to look at architecture, city planning, etc.
  • Recording students as they deliver a presentation or practice a physical skill, then using this recording to prompt student reflection (2)
  • Having students publish their work online where it can be viewed by peers and the broader community (2).


Whatever you do, don’t lose the strides you made during the COVID semesters.  Keep pushing forward and keep being curious!





VoiceThread, Kaltura, NBC Learn

More OAKS Integrations Please

OAKS has had some exciting new integrations added in the past six months that you may not know about.


Kaltura Logo

What is it?

Kaltura is like a private, CofC YouTube.  It allows faculty and students to upload video to share in multiple OAKS tools.  Users can select videos they have already uploaded, upload a new video, or record and upload screencasts (available now in Firefox only) all while in OAKS.  In the future users will be able to record and up webcam videos.

How does one access it?

Kaltura can be access in any OAKS tool that has the HTML editor (Discussion, Dropbox, Content > New File (faculty only), and News).  In the text box area click on the Insert Stuff icon and choose My Media.   From here you can upload, record, or select existing videos.  Again, Kaltura is available to faculty and students.


VoiceThread icon

What is it?

VoiceThread enables users to add images, documents, and videos, to create a presentation and to which other users can add voice, text, audio file, or video comments.  It’s great for faculty or students to record lectures, present material, and conduct discussions.  It’s much more interactive than posting a static PowerPoint presentation.

How does one access it?

From your OAKS Course Home locate the Multimedia Resources widget and click on Access VoiceThread for this Course.  This will create a space for your class on the left.  This will allow faculty and students to create VoiceThreads (VT) and share them with the class by simply dragging the VT onto the class name.

NBC Learn

nbc learn logo

What is it?

NBC Learn is a digital media library created by NBC to which the College now subscribes.  “NBC Learn has already digitized more than 12,000 stories from the NBC News archives — one of the largest news archives in the world, dating back to the 1920s.  In addition, collections are updated with current events every day, Monday through Friday, with stories from such celebrated programs as NBC Nightly News, the TODAY show, Meet the Press, Dateline NBC, as well as the networks of MSNBC, CNBC, and Telemundo.”

How does one access it?

From your OAKS Course Home locate the Multimedia Resources widget and click on the appropriate Access NBC Learn link.  Once in NBC Learn search for the video you want then grab the embed code to embed it into OAKS.

We encourage you to check out these integrations to see how they can work for you.  If you have any questions please contact your TLT Instructional Technologist.