In Graham’s chapter “In whose image?” she concentrates on how the Human Genome Project is attempting to unify the idea of a human. She argues that biology and genetic factors in particular are becoming the most important way in which to define the human.
One of the problems with the Human Genome Project according to Graham is that it is threatening the liberal humanist ideal. Through geneticization, “differences between individuals are reduced to their DNA codes” (Graham 119). The insistence that DNA and genetics are the cause of human normality and abnormality is an idea that Graham disagrees with. The Human Genome Project has been able to categorize the entire human into a monolithic category with little room for difference, unless augmented by a condition that is genetic and etiological in nature. By attempting to define the human as one type, this project threatens the liberal humanist ideal of the individual. Defining the human as one type also constructs the idea of what is considered normal and human, not leaving room in the genetic code for people with impairments and any other individual differences.
This brings up the question of what the post-human is being portrayed as. In the framing of the Human Genome Project as a project that is created and constructed by a select few of society, a small minority of the population gets to construct what is considered the human. Similarly, a small portion of the population constructs the post-human, which is created and compared to the image and definition of the human. Graham brings up the question of in whose image are we creating the idea of the post-human. Her final point seems to be that the human and post-human are motivated by capitalist efforts and a select group that is able to fulfill the Western ideals of intelligence and normality.