Your midterm will be on Tuesday, September 23, during class time. It is worth 20% of your course grade.
Section 1 (75% of the exam grade): a mix of 50 short answer, matching, and fill-in-the-blank questions.
Section 2 (25% of the exam grade): you will choose 4 out of 5 passages and explain in your own words why a particular statement is a valid linguistic observation or not
To prepare for the midterm, review the following concepts in particular:
memorize the phonetic alphabet and be able to name each letter, where appropriate (eng, schwa, j-wedge, epsilon, etc.)
be able to describe features of consonants and vowels and identify a phoneme (phonetic letter) by the description of its manner and place of articulation (consonant), or its height, tenseness, etc. (vowels) [you will not need to memorize the vowel chart, though you will need to memorize the different parts of the mouth involved in consonant production]
be able to read phonetic transcriptions (and ‘translate’ into English orthography)
understand the different aspects of schwa in English
perform a phonological analysis to determine if two sounds are phonemes or allophones in English
recognize phonotactics of English and name syllable parts
recognize features of word classes of English (major and minor classes [Ch 4 and Ch 6])–you should be able to do this in terms of word function (features for which it is inflected, like number, case, tense, aspect) and in terms of co-occurrence.
E4.1, E6.1, 6.3
perform a morphological analysis of an English word, breaking it down into its morphemes and labeling them:
recognize different types of morphological shift and neologism
recognize sentence types (simple, coordinate, complex, complex-coordinate)
recognize clause types (adverbial, nominative, adjective)
determine and represent the hierarchical structure of sentences
understand phrase structure rules
recognize subcategorizaton restrictions such as different verb types identified through their complements: transitive, intransitive, complex transitive, linking