An idea that Yamashita explores thoroughly throughout her book is the use of connections between people, not just because their lives are all intertwined, but because of the aspects of their lives that they share in common. All of the characters of the book are not white, and all share the same commonality that they are people living in LA who come from somewhere different. We see this with Bobby and Rafaela’s characters, both being from outside countries. Bobby embraces the working American lifestyle, and tries to make as much money as he can, while Rafaela questions the endless working that her and Bobby do and returns to her roots. Both, to me, represent these different sides that people struggle with throughout the novel, with the immersion into American culture and ideals on one side, and the importance of not forgetting your own culture and where you come from.
I see this represented with the battle between Arcangel and Supernafta, because Arcangel represents a constant, something that has been around for years and years. He shows us how the world we live in is ever changing, but reminds people to be wary of so called progress. His opponent, Supernafta, embodies the oppression on immigrants, and tries to convince the people (crowd) that these ideas are a good thing, talking about money and “think of the children”.
Both cases represented to me the different sides that people such as immigrants struggle with when making their lives in a new place, and represent the spread of Northern ideas and cultures. While progress can be a good thing, and like Arcangel says, the world is “Ever changing”, it is arguably “good” if it takes over or wipes out the culture of a people.